The acronym LASIK stands for laser assisted in-situ keratomileusis which is a refractive surgery. LASIK is also an umbrella term for the varying specific types of laser eye surgery. This eyesight correction method is among the most popular in the US, having a 96% success rate in the 10 million Americans that have undergone this treatment. LASIK corrects vision by altering the cornea and causing light to be focused at the back of the eye.
With all things, just because LASIK works for most, doesn't mean it's meant for all.
LASIK has been proven to correct the vision of those with these sight conditions:
- Myopia - nearsightedness, issues seeing objects far off
- Hyperopia- farsightedness, issues seeing objects near
- Astigmatism- blurred distorted vision due to misshapen eye surface
Before any operation is done to the eye, eye numbing drops are given as a precaution. LASIK is one of the few surgeries that can be done while the patient is awake. The technical procedure for LASIK is quite simple in that a specialty laser is directed at your cornea in pulses and slowly reshapes the cornea. Often the surgeon will initially open up a flap in the cornea to allow for more precise corneal adjustments.
Though LASIK is minimally invasive and yields high efficacy rates, it is not suggested for individuals diagnosed with degenerative eye diseases. LASIK yields the highest success rates for those who have minimal refractive error.
Things To Consider Before Making Your LASIK Appointment
Before LASIK surgery is confirmed as a treatment for your vision, your doctor and surgeon will be sure to thoroughly examine your medical history and eye health. LASIK can result in complications for individuals who have certain health issues and is therefore not typically suggested for those with:
- Eye diseases that affect the health of your cornea(e.g., keratoconus)
- Inflammation in the eye (e.g., uveitis, herpes simplex, keratitis)
- Injuries to the eye or disorders affecting the eyelid
- Abnormally large pupils
- Dry eyes
Your general health is a factor in the outcome of your LASIK corrective eye treatment. These categories can make the effectiveness of LASIK less predictable:
- Diseases that affect the immune system
- Immunosuppressive medicines
- Diabetic Conditions
Talk to your medical professional today to see if LASIK vision treatment is for you.