Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication of the eyes. It’s caused by elevated blood sugar levels, which damage the blood vessels connected to the light-sensitive tissues of the retina.
The retina forms the light-sensitive layer found at the back of your eye. It is responsible for turning light into electrical signals, which in turn reach the brain and form the images you often see.
Without constant blood supply from the blood vessels, you’ll experience complications in your sight. High blood sugar level damages blood vessels in different stages, including:
Diabetic retinopathy, if not diagnosed and treated early, can lead to blindness. However, it can take years for the disease to threaten your sight.
You’re at a higher risk of diabetic retinopathy if you:
To reduce the risk for diabetic retinopathy, you have to:
Screening is crucial because diabetic retinopathy doesn’t show symptoms in its early stages. It’s better to detect this condition early and prevent vision loss.